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CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersWith eye upraised his master’s look to scan,
The joy, the solace, and the aid of man:
The rich man’s guardian
and the poor man’s friend,

The only creature faithful to the end.
(- George Crabbe)

Protecting Your Dog in a Disaster

Are you prepared?

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersEarth, wind, fire, and water. The four natural elements that are among the most destructive and irrational elements on Earth. Thousands of people are left homeless and injured; thousands are killed in these natural disasters every year.


Earthquake  
Earthquakes give almost no warning at all. One minute all is well and the next, the ground is shaking, things are flying around your home and you need to take cover, fast! Your dog may be the only early warning you get. Unlike cats, dogs will not hide. Typical pre-earthquake behaviour observed in dogs includes howling, whining, barking, restlessness, aggression, and increased devotion to owners. Dogs will usually run blindly out of their home territory in panic. They can bolt through collapsed gates, broken windows or doors. Alternatively they may whine, and stick to you like a shadow. Some dogs will become more aggressive and protective, others will be more nervous and fearful.

After the quake, you may be left with a gaping hole in your home, cracks in your foundation, or a roof that’s fallen in. Your home may not be structurally sound enough for you to return to it. Broken glass from windows, fences that no longer stand, displaced wildlife, and no services such as electricity, gas, water, or garbage pickup mean you’ve got real, immediate problems. Broken gas mains can add fire to your list of hazards. After earthquakes, risks to your dog include cuts from glass, broken bones, injuries from falling objects, injuries from being hit by a car, or dehydration. They may be crushed by aftershocks or eaten by predators if you don’t have them with you.


Wind  
If you live in an area where tornadoes and hurricanes touch down every year you know that even with sophisticated early warning systems and a 24 hour per day weather channel, you can get very little warning. Even if you don’t live in an area affected by tornadoes and hurricanes, severe wind or other storms can wreak havoc. Trees can fall down on homes or power lines, or block road access. Remember the ice storm that struck Ottawa? Some people were 19 days or more with no power. A state of emergency was declared. People died. Severe storms leave dogs with broken bones, or life-threatening injuries from being hit and cut open by flying objects. Dogs can be picked up by tornado activity and flung great distances, causing injury or death.

Fire  It’s been a dry year in the hills and forests. Lightening strikes are igniting more forest fires than normal. Then there was that careless camper. The first thing you know, a police officer is pounding on your door in the middle of the night with the news that your community is at risk. You have 10 minutes to gather your wits, your family, your dog, and some supplies to see you through for an indefinite period while the fire is being battled. Don’t forget your dog! Over 2,000 pets were taken in by the SPCA shelters during the recent disastrous Kelowna fires. Hazards faced by your dog from a fire include burns, eye irritation, smoke inhalation, and broken limbs caused by panicked animals running into fences and other obstacles.

Water  Live in a flood zone? Enjoy a beautiful view of the river from your home? Rivers can and do overflow their banks. Think of the Mississippi River disaster some years ago. Even people who don’t live on a flood plain or on a river bank can be threatened by torrential rains which can cause sudden flash floods and mud slides. While having your dog tied outside may protect him from some situations, in a flood, tying or confining your dog means death by drowning. Other hazards include contaminated water, skin irritations, injury from floating or moving objects, exhaustion, and the danger of being swept away. Floods and storms also contribute to increased flea, tick, and mosquito populations.

 Put together a disaster kit for your dog.

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersIn an emergency, there is no time to gather the supplies you’ll need like food, water, and first aid items. You need to get out quickly so these things should already be packed and accessible before they’re needed. You should have at least a week’s supplies ready, two weeks is better.

Take your dog with you.

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersMany people have planned for and put together the supplies they need to protect themselves and their children. They plan escape routes and train their children about the what to do when faced with disaster. What about the most vulnerable member of your family? The one who depends most on you for food, water, shelter, and protection. Did you read the stories of lost and homeless dogs after Hurricane Katrina? Do you want to take the chance you won’t see your beloved dog again?

Kit Contents

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersHere’s what you need:

Water

Refresh every 3 months

paw_red[1]1 gallon per dog, per day – do not ration*

* less for small dogs, more for puppies, elderly dogs, or high activity dogs
* you can minimize the amount of water required by reducing activity and keeping him cool

paw_red[1]Collapsible water bowl

paw_red[1]Water purifying tablets

Food

Store in the driest, coolest, darkest spot in the house.

Food should be covered and kept in airtight cans or metal containers to protect it from pests.

Dry: Store enough of the food your pet is accustomed to eating to last two weeks. There is less chance of digestive problems if the food is familiar. Check expiration dates. Generally, the shelf life for dry food is one year from manufacture date (except Lamb – 6 months)

Wet: Same amount as above. Check expiration dates. Generally, the shelf life for canned food is two years from manufacture date

paw_red[1]Food bowl

paw_red[1]Can opener

With reduced activity, healthy pets can survive on less than their usual food intake for an extended period. Food, unlike water, can be rationed safely.

Food Supplements

Check all expiration dates regularly.

paw_red[1]Prescription medications (30 day supply)

* Include heartworm meds, flea tablets, collars or ointments

paw_red[1]Vitamin/mineral supplement to maintain strength

paw_red[1]Nutritional supplement to stimulate appetite and get needed nutrition into a stressed animal

paw_red[1]Any special dietary needs

paw_red[1]Treats

Restraints

Check condition and sizing yearly.

paw_red[1]Collar (with emergency contacts, pet ID)

paw_red[1]Leash

paw_red[1]Harness (with emergency contacts, pet ID)

paw_red[1]Tie outs (extra long leash for confining dog at temporary location)

paw_red[1]Crate/carrier (with emergency contacts, pet ID)

Muzzle (for volunteer, or veterinarian safety)paw_red[1]

Dog Boots

Check condition and sizing yearly.

Protection for his feet. Your dog may be required to walk long distances in or around broken glass and wood.

Blankets

Check blankets yearly for wear, moths, etc.

Store whatever you think you dog would need if required to sleep outside and/or if his bed/crate was destroyed (especially for indoor dogs)

paw_red[1]Thick blankets

paw_red[1]Towels

Toy

A familiar toy with all the smells of home on it will provide comfort and an antidote for boredom and stress.

Pet Hygiene

Check expiration dates, condition of tools yearly.

paw_red[1]Flea Spray/Powder

paw_red[1]Brushes and combs

paw_red[1]Shampoo

paw_red[1]Pooper scooper and baggies

paw_red[1]Chew toys help keep teeth clean with a minimal amount of water

First Aid Kit

Check all items for condition and expiration dates yearly.

Check your own first aid kit and add what’s missing:

* Pet first aid manual
* Contact info for local vet offices
Tape (Masking – first aid tape doesn’t stick to some dogs’ coats)
Scissors
Tweezers
Antibacterial soap
Antiseptic wipes
Cotton balls/gauze
Hydrogen Peroxide
Eye ointment/eyewash
Betadine or Provodine
Stop bleed powder
Biosol or pet pectillin (for diarrhea)
Ear swabs

There are several natural remedies available at most health food stores that may prove useful:

Rescue Remedy – shock, emotional trauma
Aconite – fear (stronger than Rescue Remedy)
Apis – insect bites/stings
Arnica – bruises, sore areas
Arsenicum Album – upset stomach
Belladonna – fever

Vet Records

Update as required.

Copy of complete medical history including vaccination history Name, address, telephone number of regular veterinarian

Lost Dog Kit

Update as required.

paw_red[1]Photos of dog – front and side views for use on poster

paw_red[1]Premade posters for missing dog to attach photos to

paw_red[1]Rescue sticker for the windows of your home to alert firefighters or rescue personnel that there are animals that require assistance (don’t forget to list what and how many animals and their names)

paw_red[1]Wallet photos with names on the back to show to people during a search

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersFederal Emergency Management Agency
(FEMA)
Dr. Judy Stolz, DVM

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breedersTammy Baltazar,
Baltazar Enterprises –
Canine Prepardness
Website

CanaDogs maple leaf and paw: Canadian dog breeders“Providing for your
Animal’s Needs During
Disaster Times” by
Diana Guerrero, 1996